How to make soap? Ways to make natural cosmetics

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Homemade soap can be used to wash both your hands and your entire body. It is not difficult to prepare, although it may seem so at first.

Soap is found in every home. It can take different forms: liquid, in a bar or in fancy shapes. Different fragrances of this product are available in stores, but more and more people decide to create soap on their own at home. One of the main advantages of homemade soap is that you know its composition perfectly. Besides, it can be an opportunity for great fun not only for you, but also for your loved ones!

Homemade bar soap – what to prepare?

Before you start making homemade bar soap, make sure you have all the necessary accessories. What do you need? First of all, rubber or latex gloves, a kitchen glove and safety goggles. It’s also a good idea to wear a long-sleeved shirt and apron when making homemade soap, since the lye needed to make soap is a caustic substance. Also, make sure that the room you are in is well ventilated. Also, equip yourself with: an accurate kitchen scale, a thermometer (preferably two: one to measure the temperature of the oils and the other to measure the temperature of the lye), a hand blender with a stainless steel handle, a soap knife, silicone spatulas, a silicone mold (or several molds), a plastic/glass/stainless steel container to measure the lye, a plastic/glass/stainless steel container to mix the lye and water, a microwave or a slow stove, and a stainless steel pot for mixing the lye and water. a microwave or slow cooker and a stainless steel pot for heating oils and mixing soap.

Homemade olive bar soap with coconut and olive oil – how to make it?

To make olive bar soap with coconut and olive oil, you will need: coconut oil, olive oil, distilled water, 100% pure lye, dye, essential oils and optional additives (such as dried flowers or herbs). Note that for one serving of olive oil (100 ml), there are two servings (200 ml) of coconut oil. On the other hand, you need to add as much water as oil. Before you begin, put on your equipment and protective clothing and measure your ingredients. Then slowly add the lye to the water (not the other way around!) and stir carefully with a spatula to dissolve. It will become hot and begin to release fumes. The next step is to insert a thermometer into the lye solution and set it aside in a safe place until the temperature reaches about 40 degrees Celsius. During this time, measure the coconut oil and pour it into the container, then set it on the stove on the lowest heat until it melts. When this happens, add the olive oil and mix thoroughly, then check the temperature of the oils. When they reach 49-54 degrees Celsius, remove them from the stove and gently pour in the cooled lye, stirring constantly with a wooden spoon. Then put the blender in a container, set it on low and blend, moving it around, for 15 minutes until the mixture emulsifies. After the blending process, pour everything into a mold, cover with cling film or a towel and leave near a heater or other heat source. After a day, check the soap: if it is hard and opaque, you can start cutting it. Then leave the soap to mature (for 6 weeks).

Homemade glycerin bar soap – how to make it?

To make homemade glycerin soap, you will need: top quality vegetable glycerin base, essential oils, colorant and additives (e.g. oatmeal, flowers, dried fruit peels). Glycerin soap is a very universal product. It can be used on any skin type, although it is especially recommended for dry and sensitive skin, as it has moisturizing and protective properties. To make it, first cut a piece of glycerin base with a knife, then put it in a pot and heat it up (in a water bath or in the microwave). Stir the base from time to time to make it dissolve faster, and remember to keep an eye on the temperature (the base should heat slowly, but not boil). Next, add a little bit of food coloring to the base and then pour in a few drops of essential oil of your choice. The next step is to pour the base into the molds (if you plan to make soap with additives, then pour half of the mold and wait for it to cool, then add the ingredients and pour the rest). Allow the soap to cool (this can take anywhere from 30 minutes to several hours), then remove the finished soaps from the molds. Finally, wrap the finished soaps in plastic wrap or cellophane to keep them fresh.

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Main photo: Tara Winstead/

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